True dual citizenship does not exist between the United States and India due to Indian regulations. Instead, India offers an Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) program that is similar to and often confused with dual citizenship. The OCI program offers U.S. citizens the opportunity to travel freely between the countries, work in India and own certain types of land within India. Unfortunately, there are a few disadvantages to the OCI program for U.S. citizens residing in India.
No Indian Passport
As true dual citizenship between the U.S. and India does not currently exist, people with Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) may not hold an Indian passport.
No Voting Privileges
Overseas citizens may not participate in Indian elections because they are not Indian citizens.
Cannot Run for Election
Overseas citizens may not run for political office in Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Assembly or Council. They also may not run for constitutional offices, such as president and vice president.
No Government Employment
Aside from ambassadorial positions, overseas citizens may not hold government employment in India.